The government of New Zealand has proposed fresh fuel standards for cutting the greenhouse emissions, in addition to the consumer rebates for cleaner cars, paid in the form of fees on high-polluting cars.
The proposed changes were long-awaited and would bring the country in line with other most developed countries. Other than New Zealand, Australia, and Russia are the last ones remaining OECD nations deprived of fuel efficiency standards.
The long tradition of New Zealand of not monitoring its car market, along with huge indirect subsidies for private cars, makes addressing emissions from the transport sector both necessary & challenging.
The exclusive largest source of fossil carbon dioxide in New Zealand; Land Transport Emission rose 93 percent between 1990 & 2017. There are various causes. The population rose 44 percent during this period, mostly via immigration. There was also rapid growth in the car ownership rate, somewhat owing to economic growth & deficiencies in public transport in the major cities. In New Zealand, car ownership is now the highest in the OECD & the number of motor vehicles have exceeded the number of adults.
There was slow improvement in the fuel efficiency over this period, before stalling in lastest years: at 180g carbon dioxide per kilometer, the emissions of newly imported vehicles in New Zealand are 50 percent higher as compared with Europe. Due to the lack of a fuel efficiency standard, importers supply less efficient versions of their blockbusters to the New Zealand market. Of the ten popular new vehicles, five are utes
Apart from this, 50% of all the imported vehicles are secondhand, mainly from Japan. They are inexpensive yet less efficient than newer models. Congestion and Emissions, are likely to continue rising as the national vehicle fleet is growing by 110,000 vehicles a year.